History of the holy city Nanded

Nanded City, The historical town settled on the banks of Godavari river. A city of a rich culture known by Nanditat, Nandigram. The holy city including pilgrim centres of various religions like Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Buddhist and Jain. Nanded is identified as the holy pilgrim centre of the Sikhs.

Many dynasties, such as Nand, Maurya and Satavahan, have ruled this region and the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh spent his final days here. The first Sikh guru Guru Nanak Dev is also believed to have passed via Nanded on one of his tours. And thus, Nanded became an important destination for Sikh pilgrims. The city is home to the Hazur Sahib Gurudwara, the second holiest place for Sikhs.

In the fifth and fourth centuries BC, Nand was ruled by this kingdom. For the time being this part was part of the Maurya Empire. Later, Satavahan kings ruled. The Rashtrakutra kings made Kandahar their capital. In the tenth century AD, the Rashtrakutas built the Jagatung Sagar and the fort at Kandahar which give testimony of prosperity. If you want to see the perfect example of Chalukyas, visit the Hottel Temple near Degloor. The carvings and idols on these temples are worth a visit.

This area was under the rule of the Chalukya king Nanda Deva during the 4th century CE. The Chalukyas gave a great impression in adjoining areas with their architecture. The Siddheshwar temple in Hottal, made of stone, stands as a classic example of Chalukyan art and architecture.

Nanded and its irrigation practices were mentioned in Leela Charitra, a prose written by Mhaimbhatta about 700 years ago. According to a copper plate inscription, Nanded was previously known as Nanditat. It is said that Lord Shiva once performed a penance on the banks of the Godavari river and the place came to be known as Nanditat. (Nandi is Shiva’s vahana or vehicle). The name Nanditat eventually evolved into Nanded.

The temple of Renukadevi at Mahur is nine hundred years old. This temple was built by the Yadavas of Devgiri. Mahur's Renuka Devi is known as a Shaktipeeth (संपूर्ण शक्तिपीठ). There are hot water springs in Unkeshwar. The water in this pond has medicinal properties. In the very beginning, Marathi inscriptions are situated near these ponds. The area surrounded by the prosperity of nature. This same experience also comes with Sahastrakund waterfall. Sahasrakund Waterfall is a waterfall near Islapur in Kinwat taluka. Dropping down from a height of 50 feet, The Sahastrakund waterfall is an amazing to be for all those who are in need to seek relaxation. The pattern of a waterfall in the rainy season is extraordinarily beautiful and steady. Forest officer and well-known Marathi author Maruti Chittamapalli has made this district alive by his writings.

'Shankhatirtha' is an important place on the bank of river Godavari. Shankhatirtha is mentioned in 'Godavari Mahatmya' Puran. Shankhatirtha is just twenty kilometres from Nanded city, is known as the Nawab of Godavari river. Malegaon is a small village situated on the Nanded-Latur state highway. There is a temple of Khandoba in this village. The famous Malegaon Yatra in South India fills the town every year. The breed of camels, horses and mules has a large number of buy and sale. Various Nomadic tribes come together on the occasion of Yatra.

The 'Syed Makhdoom Dargah' in Kandhar and Urus, which is filled here, is pleasant. This dargah is seven hundred years old. Listening to charming qawwali in this Urus is enjoyable.

Nanded was an important place during the Mughal empire of Aurangzeb. The administration of the Telangana region was seen from Nanded. Later, the area went under the control of the Nizam of Hyderabad. In the long period of 1725 to 1948, the Nizam of Hyderabad was ruled by this region.  Nanded remained an important centre of an independence movement in the last phase of the Nizam regime. The city gave several conflict, saw movements and proved itself from time to time.

Nanded is known as the holy pilgrim centre of the Sikhs. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, lived for some time in this land. The same land was declared as 'Shri Guru Granth Sahibji'. There are thousands of devotees coming from around the world to get darshan of the Takht Sachkhand 'Shri Hujur Sahib Ji Gurudwara'. The Gurdwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji of Punjab in 1835. Nagina Ghat, Maltekadi, Matasahibji, Bandaghat, Shikarghat, Sangat Sahibji, Hiraghat also has holy gurudwara. During the Sikh functions and festivals, there is a liveliness in the city.

The Nandgiri Fort in Nanded, the fort of Mahur, the Hemadpanthi temple of Kaleshwar in Vishnupuri, Buddhist Vihar in Shankarsagar, the monastery of Vishnukavi, and the monastery of Saint Dasgunu Maharaj of Gotha gave a social, historical, cultural and natural heritage to this area. This legacy has been carried out by many dignitaries. The contributions made by Pandit Annasaheb Gunjkar to the music sector are incomparable. Pandit Gunjkar developed a generation in classical music. Pandit Shyam Gunjkar, Pandit Ramesh Kanole, Sitabhai Ram Mohan Rao, Ranganathan Degilarkar, Manoharrao Kandliikar and all the veterans later made the tone. Narsing Qawwal was good in terms of folk music. Narsing Qawwal was proficient in ghazal singing. They were the honourable place in the Nizam's court.

Music concerts are organized all whole year. Sangit Shankar Darbar is organized in memory of Shankarrao Chavan. Great singers, musicians and composers from abroad are presenting this darbar. Aashadi festival is organized by the MLA Hemant Patil. In the rainy season, the attendees attend the ceremony. Early morning music concerts of Diwali Pahat, Bhima Pahat, Padwa Pahat, are organized on the charming edge of Godavari river. Sunil Neralkar is also organizing the Sangeet Mahotsav regularly. Professional vocalists are great here. They have made their own orchestra. On the occasion of August 15, 26th January, this orchestra celebrates high quality and free events. Many new generation old generation singer composers like Dhanashri Dev, Thavare, Anandi Vikas, Ramakant Chati, are now increasing the popularity of Nanded throughout the state.

Tryambak Vasekar laid the foundation of 'Abhinav Chitrashala' in Nanded. Laxman Kamble, Tryambak Pande, G. S. Jagannar, Nayan Barahate, Kavita Joshi, Damodar Darak, Jichakar, Santosh Ghongade and Chandrakant Potdar are associated with Nanded. Sujata Joshi Patodekar is a well-known doctor in the city. He is also known as a cartoonist.

In 1965, 'Natya Sammelan' was organized for the first time. Since then the branches of Natya Parishad are working in the city. Prior to this, Principal Surendra Barlinge established the organization 'Natyam Mahasangha'. All India Marathi Natya Sammelan was organized under the chairmanship of Principal Datta Bhagat. The Dalit Natya Sammelan was also organized in this city. Nanded has been contributing to the cause of the dalit theatre. Many other organizations and small groups have been involved in drama field. Some decades ago, Kalamandir was the centre of various cultural activities in the city. The Kusum Natyagruha and the Shankarrao Chavan Natyagruha of Municipal Corporation have been serving from last ten years. Due to these two theatres, the crowd of events continues in the city. The 'Nanded Lokutasv', which is organized from time to time. Yashwant, People's, Science, and Pratibha Niketan's dramatic division, Swarati Marathwada University's playwright, has preserved the initiative.

Nanded is famous for literature and research. During the medieval period, Raghunath Shesh, Vishnupant Shesh has become a Sanskrit poet from Nanded. Pandit poet Vaman Pandit is from the Shesh family.

Tatya Saheb Kanole has been named in the field of historical research. Dr G B Deglurakar is famous in his context of archaeological science. 


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